People with disabilities in Nepal and elsewhere continue to face barriers that prevent them from enjoying their full civil, political, economic, social, cultural and development rights. This is largely due to widespread ignorance and prejudice in our society. It is also because some legislation fails to protect the rights of people with disabilities, and to meet the standards and principles of international human rights instruments.
The disability rights movement is a global movement to secure equal opportunities and equal rights for all people with disabilities. It has similar goals and demands all over the world, such as: accessibility and safety in transportation, architecture, and the physical environment; equal opportunities in independent living, employment equity, education, and housing; and freedom from discrimination, abuse, neglect, and other violations. Disability activists and organizations like NLR are working to break social, physical and institutional barriers that prevent them from living their life to the full.
There are three main types of barriers:
- Attitudinal barriers: are created by people who see only disability when associating with people with disabilities in some way. These attitudinal barriers can be witnessed through bullying, discrimination, and fear. These barriers include societal low expectations of people with disabilities. These barriers, contribute to all other barriers. Attitudes towards people with disabilities in low and middle-income countries can be even more extreme.
- Environmental barriers: inaccessible environments, natural or built, create disability by creating barriers to participation and inclusion.
- Institutional barriers: include many laws, policies, strategies or practices that discriminate against people with disabilities. Many countries still have restrictive laws, particularly affecting people with psychosocial or intellectual disabilities.
Equal opportunity is a stipulation that all people should be treated similarly, unhampered by artificial barriers or prejudices or preferences, except when particular distinctions can be explicitly justified.
The principle of equal rights states that everyone must be treated equally under the law regardless of their race, gender, national origin, color, ethnicity, religion, disability, or other characteristics, without privilege, discrimination, or bias.