In Nepal 1.94% of total population has some kind of disability. Most of them have low socio-economic status. The community of persons with Disabilities (PWDs) has still been marginalized due to the lack of awareness and this has provoked cooperative thoughts of society towards them. It has been a long time, organizations like NLR have begun disability movement for the promotion and protection of human rights of PWDs but the government is still lagging to respond their demands properly. However, the government ratified UNCRPD to make a promise for the implementation of existing policies, rules and acts regarding human rights of PWDs and creating a disability friendly socio-cultural environment for all PWDs.
Nepal became the 86th country to ratify the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and the 53rd country to ratify the Optional Protocol on May 7, 2010.
The CRPD is the first international, legally-binding instrument meant to protect the human rights of people with disabilities. It covers a range of human rights such as the right to access education and employment opportunities, transportation, public services, or information and communication; the right to freedom from abuse and torture; the right to equal access to justice; and more.